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秦汉之际的“功”、“德”思想与汉陵陪葬墓的兴起
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作者马永嬴
机构陕西省考古研究院
中文关键词“功”;“德”思想;帝陵;陪葬墓;分封制
中文摘要秦汉之际,社会上出现了没有世袭贵族身份的平民也可以因有"功"、"德"而称王的思想,这种思想为刘邦建立汉王朝,成为中国历史上第一位平民皇帝提供了法理依据。刘邦建汉以后,为了稳固其统治,推行分封诸侯的政策,以示"与天下同利"之"德"。为了进一步彰显其"德",他又将分封制扩大到了依照帝国格局规划建造的帝陵布局中,将这个微缩的帝国以陪葬墓园的形式分封给诸侯、功臣,这当为汉陵陪葬墓兴起的主要原因。
英文篇名The 'Merit' and 'Virtue' Concepts of Qin and Han Dynasties and the Rise of the Institution of Attendant Tombs of Han Dynasty Mausoleums
英文作者Ma Yongying
英文摘要Between the Qin and Han Dynasties,there appeared a new idea that a person without aristocratic background could claim kingship based on his 'merit' and 'virtue'.This idea provides the basis for legitimizing the Han Dynasty and Liu Bang,who was a common person by origin.After founding the Han Dynasty,Liu Bang implemented a policy of appointing local kings to show his "virtue" of 'sharing interests with the entire world.' To further display his 'virtue',he expanded this policy to the plan of imperial mausoleums,by parceling out lands to his kings and meritorious officials in the form of allowing their tombs to accompany their mausoleums,which was the main reason behind the rise of the institution of accompanying tombs of Han Dynasty mausoleums.
英文关键词'Merit' 'Virtue' Imperial mausoleum Accompanying tombs Feudal system
中文刊名考古与文物
拼音刊名KGYW
英文刊名Archaeology and Cultural Relics
2012
04
CN61-1010/K
ISSN1000-7830
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