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陕西横山县大古界遗址动物遗存分析
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作者胡松梅;杨利平;康宁武;杨苗苗;李小强
机构陕西省考古研究院;榆林市文物考古勘探队;西北农林科技大学动物医学院;中国科学院古脊椎动物与古人类研究所
中文关键词陕西;大古界遗址;仰韶晚期;动物遗存
中文摘要大古界遗址位于陕西榆林市横山县雷龙湾乡沙峁村张油坊组,2010年发掘时出土了大量的动物遗存。按照出土单位对所有的动物骨骼进行了科学的收集以及分类、测量和鉴定。通过系统的分类和研究表明至少代表12个属种,包括蚌类、喜鹊、鹤、草兔、狗、貉、狗獾、黄鼬、猪、鹿科、狍、绵羊等。根据对出土动物骨骼的分析结果表明:当时遗址周围的环境以草原为主,不远处有一定面积的疏林、灌丛,草原、疏林间分布着一定面积的水域。家养动物猪和狗占的比例较少,主要以捕猎野生动物野兔和狍子为肉食来源。
英文篇名An Analysis of Faunal Remains from the Dagujie Site in Hengshan,Shaanxi
英文作者Hu Songmei,Yang Liping,Kang Ningwu,Yang Miaomiao & Li Xiaoqiang
英文摘要In 2010,a large quantity of faunal remains was unearthed from the Dagujie site in Hengshan County,Yulin City,Shaanxi Province.All the faunal remains were scientifically collected from excavation units and carefully classified,measured and identified.As a result,the faunal remains consist of at least 12 species,including mussel,magpie,crane,rabbit,dog,raccoon,badger,yellow weasel,domestic pig,deer,roe deer and sheep.The faunal remains indicate that the climate of the site,damper than present-day,and the environment consisted a large square grassland,tempered with sparse forests,groves,and small waters.Except for a few domestic animals,the main source of meat for local residents was wild rabbits and roes hunted.
英文关键词Shaanxi Dagujie site Late Yangshao period Faunal remains
中文刊名考古与文物
拼音刊名KGYW
英文刊名Archaeology and Cultural Relics
2012
04
CN61-1010/K
ISSN1000-7830
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